Eczema Treatment

Eczema is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It causes patches of dry, itchy, and inflamed skin that can be uncomfortable and embarrassing. There are many treatments available for eczema, but finding the right one can be challenging. In this article, we will discuss the different types of eczema treatments and their effectiveness.
Eczema Treatment

Types of Eczema

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. It is a chronic condition that causes red, itchy, and scaly skin. It is often seen in people with a family history of allergies.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or allergen. It causes redness, itching, and burning sensation.

Nummular Dermatitis

Nummular dermatitis is a type of eczema that causes coin-shaped patches on the skin. It is often triggered by dry skin, stress, or cold weather.

Eczema Treatment Options

Topical Steroids

Topical steroids are often prescribed to treat eczema. They work by reducing inflammation and itching. However, prolonged use of topical steroids can lead to skin thinning and other side effects.


Moisturizers are an essential part of eczema treatment. They help to keep the skin hydrated and prevent dryness, which can trigger eczema flare-ups.


Antihistamines are often prescribed to relieve itching caused by eczema. They work by blocking histamine, a substance that causes itching and inflammation.


Immunosuppressants are medications that suppress the immune system. They are often used to treat severe cases of eczema that do not respond to other treatments.

Steps to Manage Eczema

Aside from medical treatments, there are several other steps you can take to manage eczema:

Avoid Triggers

  • Avoid irritants and allergens that trigger eczema
  • Avoid scratching the affected area
  • Avoid wearing tight clothing
  • Avoid using harsh soaps and detergents

Maintain Skin Hygiene

  • Take short showers with lukewarm water
  • Use a mild soap or cleanser
  • Pat your skin dry with a soft towel
  • Apply moisturizer immediately after bathing to lock in moisture

Pros and Cons of Eczema Treatments

Topical Steroids

Pros: Effective in reducing inflammation and itching. Cons: Prolonged use can cause skin thinning and other side effects.


Pros: Help to keep the skin hydrated and prevent dryness. Cons: May not be effective for severe cases of eczema.


Pros: Effective in relieving itching caused by eczema. Cons: May cause drowsiness.


Pros: Effective in treating severe cases of eczema. Cons: May increase the risk of infections and other side effects.


What are the common triggers of eczema?

Common triggers of eczema include irritants and allergens, stress, dry skin, and certain foods.

Can eczema be cured?

There is currently no cure for eczema, but it can be managed with proper treatment and self-care.

Is eczema contagious?

No, eczema is not contagious. It is a non-infectious skin condition.

Can eczema affect any part of the body?

Yes, eczema can affect any part of the body, but it is most commonly seen on the hands, feet, face, and neck.