Gastritis Diet: What to Eat and What to Avoid

Gastritis is a condition that occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed. This can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. While there are many causes of gastritis, certain foods can exacerbate the condition and should be avoided. On the other hand, there are also foods that can help alleviate symptoms and promote healing.
Gastritis Diet

What to Eat

High-Fiber Foods

Foods that are high in fiber can help regulate digestion and prevent constipation, which can worsen symptoms of gastritis. Examples of high-fiber foods include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes.

Lean Protein

Protein is an essential nutrient for healing and repairing tissues. However, certain sources of protein can be difficult to digest and should be avoided. Instead, opt for lean sources such as chicken, fish, and tofu.


Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in the gut and can help improve digestion. They can be found in foods such as yogurt, kefir, and sauerkraut.

Low-Fat Foods

Foods that are high in fat can slow down digestion and worsen symptoms of gastritis. Choose low-fat options such as skim milk, lean meats, and low-fat cheese.

What to Avoid

Spicy Foods

Spicy foods can irritate the lining of the stomach and worsen symptoms of gastritis. Avoid foods that are heavily spiced or contain hot peppers.

Acidic Foods

Acidic foods such as citrus fruits, tomatoes, and vinegar can aggravate the stomach lining and worsen symptoms. Avoid these foods or consume them in moderation.


Alcohol can irritate the stomach lining and increase inflammation. It should be avoided or consumed in moderation.


Caffeine can stimulate the production of stomach acid and worsen symptoms of gastritis. Avoid or limit consumption of coffee, tea, and soda.

Benefits and Drawbacks of a Gastritis Diet


  • A gastritis diet can help alleviate symptoms and promote healing.
  • Eating a healthy diet can improve overall health and well-being.


  • Following a strict diet can be challenging and may require significant changes to one's eating habits.
  • A gastritis diet may limit the variety of foods that can be consumed.


Q: Can stress cause gastritis?

A: Yes, stress can contribute to the development of gastritis. It is important to manage stress through activities such as exercise, meditation, and relaxation techniques.

Q: Is it safe to take over-the-counter antacids for gastritis?

A: Yes, antacids can help relieve symptoms of gastritis. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any medication.

Q: How long does it take for gastritis to heal?

A: The length of time it takes for gastritis to heal depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. It can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks or months.

Q: Can gastritis lead to other health problems?

A: If left untreated, gastritis can lead to more serious conditions such as stomach ulcers or even stomach cancer. It is important to seek medical treatment if symptoms persist.