How To Build A Deck

Decks are a great addition to any home. They provide an outdoor space where you can entertain guests, relax, and enjoy the beautiful weather. Building a deck can seem daunting, but with the right tools and knowledge, it can be a fun and rewarding project. In this article, we will guide you through the process of building a deck from start to finish.
Deck Building

What You Will Need

Before you start building your deck, it's important to gather all the necessary tools and materials. Here's what you'll need:


  • Measuring tape
  • Level
  • Circular saw
  • Drill
  • Hammer
  • Post hole digger
  • Shovel
  • Adjustable wrench


  • Decking boards
  • Pressure-treated lumber
  • Concrete mix
  • Gravel
  • Galvanized deck screws
  • Joist hangers
  • Post caps

Step-by-Step Guide

1. Design Your Deck

The first step in building a deck is to design it. You can use online tools or consult with a professional to create a plan that meets your needs and fits your budget. Consider the size, shape, and location of your deck, as well as any features you want to include.

2. Obtain Permits

Before you start building, you will need to obtain any necessary permits from your local building authority. Failure to do so can result in fines or legal issues.

3. Prepare the Site

Clear the area where you will be building your deck. Make sure the ground is level and stable. Use stakes and string to mark the boundaries of your deck.

4. Install Footings

Using a post hole digger, dig holes for the footings. The depth and diameter of the holes will depend on the size of your deck and local building codes. Fill the holes with concrete and allow them to set.

5. Install Posts and Beams

Attach the posts to the footings using post anchors. Install beams along the posts using joist hangers. Make sure everything is level and properly secured.

6. Install Joists

Install the joists across the beams, spacing them according to your design plan. Secure them with joist hangers.

7. Install Decking

Install the decking boards on top of the joists. Secure them with galvanized deck screws.

8. Add Railings and Stairs

If your design includes railings and stairs, install them now. Make sure they are secure and meet local building codes.

Pros and Cons of Building a Deck


  • Adds value to your home
  • Provides outdoor living space
  • Great for entertaining guests
  • Increases curb appeal


  • Requires regular maintenance
  • Can be expensive to build
  • May not be practical for small yards
  • Can be dangerous if not built properly


Q: How long does it take to build a deck?

A: The length of time it takes to build a deck depends on factors such as size, complexity, and weather conditions. A simple deck can take a few days to build, while a larger, more complex deck can take several weeks.

Q: Do I need a permit to build a deck?

A: In most cases, yes. You will need to obtain a building permit before you start construction. Check with your local building authority for specific requirements.

Q: What is the best type of wood to use for decking?

A: Pressure-treated lumber is a popular choice for decking because it is affordable and resistant to rot and insects. Other options include cedar, redwood, and composite decking materials.

Q: Can I build a deck myself, or do I need to hire a professional?

A: It is possible to build a deck yourself if you have the necessary skills and tools. However, if you are not confident in your abilities, it may be best to hire a professional to ensure the deck is built safely and to code.


Building a deck can be a great way to add value to your home and create an outdoor living space. With the right tools, materials, and knowledge, it can be a fun and rewarding project. Be sure to plan carefully, obtain any necessary permits, and follow local building codes to ensure your deck is safe and structurally sound.