New York State Gun Laws

Gun laws in the United States vary from state to state and New York State is one of the strictest states when it comes to gun laws. The state has enacted a number of laws to regulate the possession, sale, and use of firearms. These laws have been put in place to ensure public safety and reduce gun violence.
New York State Gun Laws


New York State has a long history of gun regulation. The state was one of the first to enact gun control laws in 1911, and since then, it has continued to pass laws aimed at reducing gun violence. The state's gun laws have been challenged in court several times, but they have been upheld as constitutional.

Types of Firearms

Under New York State law, firearms are classified as handguns, rifles, shotguns, and assault weapons. Each type of firearm is subject to different regulations and requirements.


Handguns are the most strictly regulated type of firearm in New York State. To purchase a handgun, an individual must apply for a permit from their local police department or county clerk's office. The individual must also complete a firearms safety course and undergo a background check.

Rifles and Shotguns

Rifles and shotguns can be purchased without a permit in New York State, but they are subject to certain restrictions. For example, they cannot be sold to individuals under the age of 18, and they must be registered with the state.

Assault Weapons

New York State has banned the possession, sale, and manufacture of assault weapons since 2013. The law defines assault weapons as semi-automatic firearms with certain features, such as a pistol grip or a detachable magazine.

Prohibited Persons

Under New York State law, certain individuals are prohibited from owning or possessing firearms. These include:

  • Individuals with a felony conviction
  • Individuals with a history of mental illness
  • Individuals subject to a protective order

Penalties for Violations

Violating New York State's gun laws can result in serious consequences, including fines and imprisonment. The severity of the penalty depends on the nature of the violation and the individual's criminal history.

Advantages and Disadvantages


  • Reduced gun violence
  • Increased public safety
  • Stricter regulations on firearms


  • Restricts Second Amendment rights
  • Can be difficult for law-abiding citizens to obtain firearms
  • May not be effective in reducing gun violence


New York State's gun laws are some of the strictest in the country. While they have been put in place to ensure public safety and reduce gun violence, they have also been criticized for restricting Second Amendment rights. It is important for individuals to understand these laws and comply with them to avoid serious consequences.


Q: Can I carry a concealed weapon in New York State?

A: Concealed carry permits are available in New York State, but they are difficult to obtain and are subject to strict regulations.

Q: Are there any exceptions to the assault weapons ban in New York State?

A: Yes, there are certain exemptions for law enforcement and military personnel.

Q: Can I purchase a firearm in another state and bring it into New York State?

A: No, it is illegal to bring a firearm into New York State that does not meet the state's regulations and requirements.

Q: Can I sell a firearm to another individual without going through a licensed dealer?

A: No, all firearm sales must be conducted through a licensed dealer in New York State.