How to Build Nesting Boxes

Building nesting boxes for your backyard birds is a great way to provide them with a safe and comfortable place to lay their eggs and raise their young. Not only is it a fun and rewarding DIY project, but it also helps to attract more birds to your yard and promotes a healthy bird population in your area.
Nesting Boxes

Materials Needed

Before you get started, you'll need to gather a few materials:

  • Wooden boards
  • Screws
  • Nails
  • Wood glue
  • Drill
  • Measuring tape
  • Saw
  • Pencil

Step 1: Measure and Cut the Wood

Using your measuring tape and pencil, mark and measure the wood according to the size of the nesting box you want to build. Use the saw to cut the wood into pieces.

Step 2: Assemble the Box

Using the screws, nails, and wood glue, assemble the cut pieces of wood into a box shape. Make sure the edges are flush and the box is sturdy.

Step 3: Add the Roof

Cut a piece of wood to fit the top of the box and attach it with screws or nails. Make sure the roof overhangs the box slightly to provide shade and protection from rain.

Step 4: Add the Entrance Hole

Using the drill, make a small entrance hole near the top of one of the sides of the box. The size of the hole will depend on the type of bird you want to attract. Consult a bird guide for the appropriate size.

Step 5: Paint or Stain the Box

Once the box is assembled, you can paint or stain it to match your outdoor decor. Make sure to use non-toxic paint or stain to ensure the safety of the birds.

Benefits of Building Nesting Boxes

Building nesting boxes has many benefits:

  • Provides a safe and comfortable place for birds to lay their eggs and raise their young
  • Attracts more birds to your yard
  • Promotes a healthy bird population in your area
  • Fun and rewarding DIY project

Pros and Cons of Nesting Boxes

Provide safe and comfortable nesting environmentMay attract unwanted pests to your yard
Attract more birds to your yardRequires regular cleaning and maintenance
Promote a healthy bird population in your areaMay not be effective for all bird species


Q: What kind of wood should I use to build a nesting box?

A: It's best to use untreated, natural wood such as cedar or pine. Avoid using pressure-treated wood as it can be harmful to birds.

Q: How high should I mount the nesting box?

A: Mount the nesting box at least 6 feet off the ground and away from any potential predators.

Q: Do I need to clean the nesting box?

A: Yes, it's important to clean the nesting box after each breeding season to prevent the spread of disease. Use a mild soap and water solution and allow the box to dry completely before putting it back up.

Q: What is the best time of year to put up a nesting box?

A: The best time to put up a nesting box is in the late winter or early spring, before the breeding season begins.