How to Build Wall Shelves

 Wall shelves are a great way to maximize space and add storage to any room in your house. Whether you're looking to display your collection of books, organize your kitchen or keep your garage tidy, wall shelves can help you do just that. In this article, we'll guide you through the steps of building your own wall shelves, so you can customize them to your specific needs and preferences.

Wall Shelves

Materials Needed

Before you start building your wall shelves, you'll need to gather the following materials:

  • Wood boards
  • Wood screws
  • Screwdriver
  • Drill
  • Saw
  • Measuring tape
  • Sandpaper
  • Paint or stain (optional)

Step-by-Step Guide

1. Measure and Cut the Wood Boards

Start by measuring the length and width of the space where you want to install your wall shelves. Then, using a saw, cut the wood boards to the desired length and width. Sand the edges of the boards to smooth them out.

2. Drill Holes in the Boards

Next, use a drill to make a hole in each corner of the boards. This is where you'll attach the boards to the wall.

3. Paint or Stain the Boards

If you want, you can paint or stain the boards before attaching them to the wall. This will give them a finished look and protect them from wear and tear.

4. Attach the Boards to the Wall

Using wood screws and a screwdriver, attach the boards to the wall through the holes you drilled in step 2. Make sure they're level and secure before moving on.

5. Add Support Brackets (Optional)

If you're planning on putting heavy items on your wall shelves, you may want to add support brackets underneath the boards. Simply attach the brackets to the wall and then attach the boards to the brackets.

Pros and Cons of Building Wall Shelves


  • Customizable to your specific needs and preferences
  • Maximizes space and adds storage
  • Can be a cost-effective solution


  • Requires some DIY skills and tools
  • May not be as sturdy as store-bought shelves
  • May not have the same professional look as store-bought shelves


Building your own wall shelves can be a fun and rewarding project, and it can save you money compared to buying pre-made shelves. Just remember to measure carefully, use the right tools and materials, and take your time to ensure that your shelves are secure and level. With a little bit of effort, you can create a beautiful and functional storage solution for any room in your home.


Q: How much weight can wall shelves hold?

A: The weight that wall shelves can hold depends on the materials used and how they're installed. If you're planning on putting heavy items on your shelves, make sure to use sturdy materials and install them properly.

Q: Can I install wall shelves on drywall?

A: Yes, you can install wall shelves on drywall. However, you'll need to use anchors or toggle bolts to ensure that they're secure.

Q: How deep should wall shelves be?

A: The depth of wall shelves depends on what you're planning on storing on them. For books, a depth of 8-10 inches is usually sufficient. For larger items like kitchen appliances, you may need a depth of 12-16 inches.

Q: Do I need to paint or stain my wall shelves?

A: No, you don't need to paint or stain your wall shelves if you prefer the natural look of wood. However, painting or staining them can protect them from wear and tear and give them a finished look.